The variegated landscapes of the Caucasus make it one of the world’s 36 biodiversity hotspots.
It is home to a uniquely large number of endemic plants and animals. The primeval high-mountain forests of the Greater Caucasus harbour many endangered and recently rare species including Brown bears and the Persian leopard. Poaching during the 1990s reduced the number of Caucasian wisents to just 150 individuals. But the population has bounced back – today, more than 1,200 wisents live in the Western Caucasus. The crucial step to save them were conservation measures like anti-poaching activities, initiated and supported by NABU.
Nowadays, NABU's comitment in the caucasus region is focused on environmental education, sustainable rural development and the protection of threatened species and habitats, like the rare boxtree forests – which are facing extinction in the Caucasus.
NABU on the ground in the Caucasus
Click the locations in below map to find out where and how NABU is active in the Caucasus region.
Our caucasus projects in detail
The mountains of Armenia belong to the Caucasus biodiversity hotspot and are unique in both natural and cultural heritage. With the project "Creative Mountains", NABU and its partners seek to promote conservation and sustainable development in local communities. more →
The Circassian orchards in the North Caucasus are living witnesses to an almost forgotten tradition of fruit cultivation. NABU worked with the local population to protect these valuable habitats and encourage the revival of this traditional land use. more →
Focus regions overview
All over the world biodiversity is at risk, and with it the quality of people’s life. Nature conservation must overcome borders. Together with international partners NABU is active in these regions: Europe, Africa, Central Asia, South Eath Asia and Caucasus. more →
Mountains inspire and challenge us. Their biodiverse and fragile ecosystems provide indispensable services to humanity. However, these regions are vulnerable to the impact of the climate crisis and land use. NABU works tirelessly to protect these landscapes. more →