Cloud forests at the Kafa Biosphere Reserve - Foto: Bruno D`Amicis
Conservation and sustainable use of the last wild coffee forests of Ethiopia
A project to preserve biodiversity under climate change
Wild Arabica coffee from Kafa’s forests - Foto: Bruno D'Amicis
The Colobus monkey is one of five ape species at the Kafa Biosphere Reserve - Foto: Bruno D’Amicis
Local communities are actively involved to preserve the environment of Kafa - Foto: Angelika Berndt
The forests are home to many rare and endangered species - Foto: Tom Kirschey
Local people are supported to use ecosystem services sustainably - Foto: Angelika Berndt
Around 300 bird species can be found at the Kafa Biosphere Reserve - Foto: Bruno D'Amicis
The Kafa Biosphere Reserve in the country's southwest (760,000 hectares) is home to one of these last natural forest regions in the country and is remarkable for its species diversity and extensive wetlands and floodplain areas. The area is part of the “Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot” (CI) and a “Key Biodiversity Area” (CEPF).
Life in the forest and in the water
Species recordings have documented around 244 species of plants (e.g. Cyperus latifolius, Anagallis serpens), 300 species of birds and 300 species of mammals in the Kafa Biosphere Reserve. Along with the forests, aquatic habitats are the main suppliers of ecosystem services and used by the local population to produce water, food, animal feed, building materials and to generate income (e.g. medicinal plants, basketwork). Because of its importance for biodiversity and as a catchment area, it has been placed under national protection as a “Regional Forest Priority Area” (RFPA). However, it is particularly noteworthy for being the birthplace of wild Coffea arabica, and centre of its genetic diversity, and therefore a globally significant in situ genomic library. In 2010, the area was designated a UNESCO biosphere reserve. Under NABU's management, it was planned with the support of a German Public-Private Partnership project.
Climate change and overexploitation threaten ecosystems
Studies, however, show that overexploitation and climate change threaten the habitats. If the current rate of deforestation is maintained, significant amounts of carbon dioxide will be released and the forests’ sink function affected. Uncontrolled fragmentation and degradation of the ecosystems would inevitably lead to a loss of habitats for flora and fauna, and as a result impact their soil moisture regime. This is where NABU, supported by the IKI (International Climate Initiative), intends to intervene and work towards protecting and restoring the afromontane cloud forests and wetlands. In this way, the project aims to preserve ecosystem resilience and the unique biodiversity, avoid CO2 emissions and secure ecosystem services for the population.
The new project intends to build on successful programmes from the previous project such as, for example, reforestation, participatory forest management or energy-efficient stoves, and expand them in order to integrate further areas and communities in Kafa. At the same time, it will introduce new components developed to protect the area's unique biodiversity, and strengthen participatory community management and regional development. Offers will include programmes to develop handicrafts, ecotourism and regional products, which will in return attach economic value to the region's biodiversity. Education programmes for children and young people will be developed and implemented in cooperation with experts and spiritual leaders. The project will support the implementation of Ethiopia’s Climate-Resilient Green Economy Strategy, tie climate and biodiversity conservation to regional development, and help the local population to independently ensure the long-term conservation of nature and natural resources. The three-year project has been granted with around 2.4 million Euros in funding by the IKI and was launched on February 1st 2014.
Further information and travel tips on the Kafa biosphere reserve available on www.kafa-biosphere.com and www.international-climate-initiative.com.
Tropical deforestation is one of the main sources of anthropogenic greenhouse-gas emissions. It accounts for 20 percent of the total greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. About 40 years ago, approximately 40% of the Ethiopian land surface was covered with forest; today, only 3% of that remains. mehr →
Varied topography and high precipitation rates of about 2,000 mm annually have led to a large diversity of wetlands in the Kafa region, covering an area of 26,832 ha. According to the Kafa Wetland Strategy, these include river edges, peat bogs, extensive floodplains, marshes and swamps as well as riparian forests and forest wetlands. mehr →
10,000 hectares of forest in Kafa Biosphere Reserve will be put under a Participatory Forest Management System. By doing so the user rights of the forest will be transferred for 99 years to the local communities and the forest will serve as a long-term source of income through sustainable use. mehr →
NABU registered in Ethiopia as a non-government organisation (NGO) and set up two project offices, one in Addis Ababa and one in the project area in Bonga. An Ethiopian project team of seven people has been employed and is implementing the project together with the staff from NABU HQ. mehr →
The project is being implemented by NABU In partnership with the regional and local government and the knowledge and support of local and international experts. The project is financed as part oft the International Climate Initiative (ICI) by the German government. mehr →